Practice Exam for Special Education 205

Introduction to Serving Students with Special Needs

(Instructor: Thomas E. Grayson, Ph.D.)

  1. The largest group of students with special needs in the public school system is classified as which of the following?
    1. mentally retarded
    2. seriously emotionally disturbed
    3. hearing impaired
    4. learning disabled
    5. speech or language impaired
  1. The IDEA requires that students with disabilities:
    1. be educated in special schools that can provide the services they need.
    2. be included in all classes and activities in which general education students participate.
    3. be educated in resource rooms and/or the general education classroom.
    4. be educated in inclusive settings.
    5. be educated in the least restrictive environment as indicated in the student’s IEP
  1. Including all students in a free public education system is a philosophical ideas based upon:
    1. the U. S. Constitution
    2. the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
    3. Public Law 884-456
    4. the Regular Education Initiative
    5. the inclusion movement

 

  1. This individual, a former Assistant Secretary of the U. S. Department, was a vocal critical of the dual system (i.e., general education and special education) of educating students.
    1. Joseph Smith
    2. Horace Mann
    3. Thomas Jefferson
    4. Madeline Will
    5. William Argo

 

  1. Which of the following was the last group to obtain equal access to a public school education?
    1. girls’
    2. students with disabilities
    3. African-American students
    4. students who live in poverty
    5. bilingual students

 

  1. Today, the majority of students with disabilities are:
    1. educated in general education classrooms for at least a portion of the school day.
    2. fully integrated into general education classrooms for the entire school day.
    3. taught in self-contained classrooms
    4. taught in separate schools.
    5. None of the above.

 

  1. Federal legislation regarding the education of students with disabilities is grounded in ______________________ issues.
    1. segregation
    2. disability
    3. assessment
    4. advocacy
    5. civil rights

 

  1. The Reauthorization of Public Law 94-142 refers to federal legislation known as which one of these?

    1. The Act for Educating All Children
    2. The Education for Exceptional Children Act
    3. The Act for Mainstreaming Students with Handicaps
    4. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
  1. Which of the following federal laws is a funding statue for students with disabilities?
    1. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
    2. the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    3. the Americans with Disabilities Act
    4. the Exceptional Child Find Act
    5. the Mental Health Coalition Act of 1975
  1. Which of the following are the two newest IDEA disability categories?
    1. learning disabilities and mental retardation
    2. autism and traumatic brain injury
    3. serious emotional disturbance and gifted and talented
    4. hearing impairments and visual impairments
    5. learning disabilities and serious emotional disturbance
  1. The critical issue underlying successful inclusion is the acceptance of ____________.
    1. students with special needs
    2. diversity in the classroom
    3. special educators
    4. general educators
    5. None of the Above
  1. Eight-year-old Susie, a student with cerebral palsy, has a Para educator who works with her during all academic classrooms on her IEP goals and objectives. She attends general education classrooms throughout the school day. This arrangement is indicative of:
    1. integration
    2. mainstreaming
    3. inclusion
    4. facilitation
  1. Creating inclusive classrooms necessitates that:
    1. preservice and inservice training address the development of positive attitudes about working with students with diverse needs.
    2. the apprehensions and concerns of staff are alleviated as much as possible.
    3. staff have exposure to model inclusive classrooms.
    4. teachers are provided with information and skills needed to meet a wide range of student needs.
    5. All of the Above
  1. Preparing students for inclusion may include which of the following?
    1. awareness programs
    2. discussions
    3. simulations
    4. All of the Above
  1. Maintaining inclusive program requires:
    1. using ongoing reevaluation to ensure continued success.
    2. conducting problem-solving sessions in which teachers work together to find ways to address problems situations.
    3. providing the flexibility to address unpredictable, changing situations.
    4. All of the Above
  1. Inclusion addresses the needs of :
    1. students with special needs.
    2. students without disabilities
    3. students who are gifted
    4. all of the Above
  1. Mr. Applebee allows Elsie, a student with learning disabilities, to take oral tests in his classrooms. This is an example of a(n):
    1. accommodation
    2. unfair testing practice.
    3. modification
    4. strategy instructional technique
  1. Inclusive schooling leads to …
    1. inclusive living
    2. integration
    3. supported employment
    4. mainstreaming
  1. instructional supports:
    1. are critical to successful inclusive classrooms.
    2. include both accommodations and modifications
    3. enhance learning and acceptance in the general education classroom
    4. All of the Above
  1. Which type(s) of personnel support, in addition to instructional support, may be needed for some children with disabilities in inclusive classrooms?
    1. use of a para-educator
    2. indirect collaboration
    3. direct collaboration
    4. administrative support
    5. All of the Above
  1. Which of the following ensures that no individual will be deprived of his or her legal rights or privileges without appropriate established procedures being followed?
    1. Article 15 under Public Law 94-142
    2. the due process clause under the Constitution
    3. the procedural safeguard statements in the IDEA
    4. one of the many safeguards mandated in Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
    5. the procedural safeguard provisions in the Americans with Disabilities Act.
  1. Individualized education programs must be reviewed at least:
    1. annually
    2. every three years.
    3. whenever the student changes schools
    4. within ten administrative working days if the student moves to another state
    5. every month
  1. Which of the following is the most common reason that classroom teachers refer a student for a special education evaluation?
    1. reading problems
    2. attention problems
    3. social skill problems
    4. academic problems
    5. behavioral problems
  1. Which of the following is the primary purpose of a child study team engaged in the prereferral process?
    1. Article 15 under Public Law 94-142
    2. the due process clause under the Constitution
    3. the procedural safeguard statements in the IDEA
    4. one of the many safeguards mandated in Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
    5. the procedural safeguard provisions in the Americans with Disabilities Act.
  1. General and special educators should collaborate in which of the following process(es)?
    1. child study and referral
    2. observations and assessments of the child
    3. prereferral interventions
    4. IEP development
    5. All of the above

26. Which of the following can be best described as the process of gathering and analyzing information for the purpose of making instructional decisions concerning students?

    1. referral
    2. assessment
    3. interventions
    4. testing
    5. none of the above
  1. What is the important initial distinction between assessment and testing?
    1. Assessment is only one aspect of testing
    2. Assessments are of more informal nature while testing relies heavily on standardized instruments in order to acquire more reliable results.
    3. Testing considered to be only one aspect of assessment
    4. The only real distinction is how both are used in the determination of eligibility for students with special needs.
    5. None of the Above
  1. Which of the following is not one of the three (3) key purposes of an Individualized Education Program?
    1. IEPs provide instructional direction.
    2. IEPs function as the basis for evaluation.
    3. IEPs improve communication among members of the multidisciplinary team.
    4. IEPs are the formats used to make eligibility determinations.
  1. Which IDEA principle attempts to prevent bias in testing?
    1. Inclusion in a program of appropriate services
    2. Nondiscriminatory evaluation
    3. Individualized education program
    4. Least restrictive environment
    5. Procedural safeguards
  1. What is the primary purpose of a special education referral?
    1. To obtain funding for a student with disabilities
    2. To identify the special needs of a student
    3. To request tutorial assistance for a student with disabilities
    4. To place a student with disabilities in a special school
  1. Alexandria is a fifth grader who is inconsistent with tasks, has difficulty reading, and appears to be unmotivated. One reason why her learning disability is difficult to identify is because:
    1. this is an invisible disability
    2. her inconsistency makes her teacher believe that she does not have a learning disability
    3. her lack of motivation is due to years of frustration and failure
    4. All of the above
    5. none of the above
  1. The discrepancy factor in learning disabilities refers to:
    1. children with levels of academic achievement that are unexpectedly low, given their overall ability or level of intelligence
    2. children with below average intellectual achievement who perform better than expected on standardized achievement tests
    3. children who are overachievers
    4. none of the above
  1. The multidisciplinary team may not identify a student as having a learning disability if the severe discrepancy between ability and achievement is primarily the result of:
    1. a visual, hearing, or motor disability
    2. mental retardation
    3. emotional disturbance
    4. economic advantage
    5. All of the above
  1. Children with learning disabilities are similar in that they all experience:
    1. perceptual problems
    2. reading problems
    3. mathematics problems
    4. learning problems
  1. The most common problem among students who are learning disabled is in the area of:
    1. reading
    2. oral language
    3. written language
    4. mathematics
  1. The majority of students with emotional and behavioral disorders are educated in:
    1. residential programs.
    2. special schools.
    3. regular schools.
    4. alternative school programs.
  1. Behavior problems and classroom discipline have been:
    1. identified as a reason why teachers leave the profession.
    2. cited by surveys as being a major concern in education.
    3. identified as a barrier to effective instruction in the classroom.
    4. All of the Above
  1. The federal government uses the following term to describe children and youth with emotional and behavioral disorders:
    1. seriously behaviorally disordered.
    2. seriously emotionally disturbed.
    3. seriously emotionally disordered.
    4. seriously emotionally conflicted.
  1. According to the federal definition, children and youth who are socially maladjusted:
    1. are not eligible for special education and related services unless it is determined that they are seriously emotionally disturbed.
    2. are eligible for special education and related services.
    3. represent a subgroup of students with disabilities.
    4. are eligible for resource room services.
    5. None of the above

40. Which of the following statements is false regarding the population of students with emotional and behavioral disorders?

    1. Children and youth with emotional and behavioral disorders are an under identified and underserved population of students.
    2. Children and youth with emotional and behavioral disorders are a heterogeneous population.
    3. The majority of students identified as having emotional behavioral disorders are female.
    4. Students with emotional and behavioral are an underserved population of students.
    5. None of the above
  1. Which of the following is a major component of most definitions of mental retardation?
    1. significantly below average intellectual functioning
    2. onset during the developmental period
    3. significant deficits in the area of adaptive behavior
    4. All of the above
    5. None of the above
  1. Using a statistical definition of mental retardation, approximately what percentage of students would be identified as 2 or more standard deviations below the mean on test of intelligence
    1. 4%
    2. 1.2%
    3. 2.3%
    4. 3.5%
  1. Which of the following is a key adaptive skill area?
    1. leisure
    2. functional academic
    3. self-care
    4. communication
    5. All of the above
  1. Recent studies have indicated that two critical factors influence the post school success of adults with mental retardation. These factors are:
    1. the level of the individual’s personal/social behavior appropriate to the workplace and quality of transition programming.
    2. environmental stimulation and instructional opportunities offered to the individual.
    3. intellectual and socioeconomic levels of the individual.
    4. quality of transition programming and structured academics provided to the student during the school years.
  1. Curriculum for students with mental retardation should:
    1. be sufficiently broad so as to address issues related to vocational education, home and family, recreation and leisure, community involvement, emotional and physical health, and personal development.
    2. be non-academic in focus, as most students with mental retardation are not able to master basic academic skills.
    3. be delivered in the special education classroom.
    4. None of the above
  1. Low-incidence disabilities are those that:
    1. reflect a very small proportion of the student population.
    2. are not very severe in nature.
    3. occur so rarely that special education and related services are not available.
    4. None of the above

47. What is a generic term used to describe any level of hearing loss, ranging from mild to profound?

    1. deafness
    2. hard of hearing
    3. hearing impairment
    4. hearing loss
  1. A significant challenge for teachers of students with hearing impairments is:
    1. making sure that students with hearing impairments are seated appropriately.
    2. making sure that students with hearing impairments participate in commucational activities.
    3. ensuring that students with hearing impairments are able to handle the reading and writing demands of the classroom.
    4. All of the above
  1. Which of the following is a generic term that includes a wide range of visual problems?
    1. visual loss
    2. visual impairment
    3. blindness
    4. low vision
  1. Which of the following statements is true of both hearing and visual impairments?
    1. The numbers in both groups increase as a result of the aging process.
    2. The range and severity of the impairments differs greatly across individuals.
    3. both types of impairments present unique challenges to educators.
    4. Students in both groups may be placed anywhere along the full continuum of placement options.
    5. All of the above

 

Answers for Sample Questions:

Ch 1

Ch. 2

Ch3

Ch4

Ch6

Ch7

Ch8

 

1. D

11. B

21. B

31. D

36. C

41. D

46. A

 

2. E

12. C

22. A

32. A

37. D

42. C

47. C

 

3. A

13. E

23. D

33. E

38. B

43. E

48. D

 

4. D

14. D

24. B

34. D

39. A

44. A

49. B

 

5. B

15. D

25. E

35. A

40. D

45. A

50. E

 

6. A

16. D

26. B

         

7. E

17. A

27. C

         

8. D

18. A

28. D

         

9. B

19. D

29. B

         

10. B

20. E

30. B